Monday, May 25, 2020

How Artificial Selection Works With Animals

Artificial selection involves mating two individuals within a species that have the traits desired for the offspring. Unlike natural selection, artificial selection isnt random and is controlled by the desires of humans. Animals, both domesticated and wild animals now in captivity, are often subjected to artificial selection by humans to get the ideal animal in looks, demeanor, or other desired characteristics. Darwin and Artificial Selection Artificial selection isnt a new practice. Charles Darwin, the father of evolution, used artificial selection to help bolster his work as he came up with the idea of natural selection and the Theory of Evolution. After traveling on the HMS Beagle to South America and, perhaps most notably, the Galapagos Islands, where he observed finches with differently shaped beaks, Darwin wanted to see if he could reproduce this type of change in captivity. Upon his return to England, Darwin bred birds. Through artificial selection over several generations, Darwin was able to create offspring with desired traits by mating parents that possessed those traits. Artificial selection in birds could include color, beak shape and length, size, and more. Benefits of Artificial Selection Artificial selection in animals can be a profitable endeavor. For instance, many owners and trainers will pay top dollar for racehorses with particular pedigrees. Champion racehorses, after they retire, are often used to breed the next generation of winners. Musculature, size, and even bone structure can be passed down from parent to offspring. If two parents can be found with the desired racehorse characteristics, theres an even greater chance that the offspring will also have the championship traits that owners and trainers desire. A common example of artificial selection in animals is dog breeding. As with racehorses, particular traits are desirable in different breeds of dogs that compete in dog shows. The judges look at coat coloring and patterns, behavior, and even teeth. While behaviors can be trained, there is also evidence that some behavioral traits are passed down genetically. Even among dogs not entered in shows, certain breeds have become more popular. Newer hybrids such as the Labradoodle, a mix between a Labrador retriever and a poodle, and the puggle, which comes from breeding a pug and a beagle, are in high demand. Most people who like these hybrids enjoy the uniqueness and the look of the new breeds. Breeders choose the parents based on traits they feel will be favorable in the offspring. Artificial Selection in Research Artificial selection in animals also can be used for research. Many labs use rodents such as mice and rats to perform tests that arent ready for human trials. Sometimes the research involves breeding mice to get the trait or gene to be studied in the offspring. Conversely, some labs research the lack of certain genes. In that case, mice without those genes are bred to produce offspring lacking that gene so they can be studied. Any domesticated animal or animal in captivity can undergo artificial selection. From cats to pandas to tropical fish, artificial selection in animals can mean the continuation of an endangered species, a new type of companion animal, or a lovely new animal to look at. While these traits may never come about through natural selection, they are achievable through breeding programs. As long as humans have preferences, there will be an artificial selection in animals to make sure those preferences are met.

Friday, May 15, 2020

College Really Is Not a Waste of Time Essay - 792 Words

College Really Is Not a Waste of Time Although many people see college as a pathway to success, it is not for everyone. Many people make the decision to go to college because they want more out of life than what a regular day job has to offer. Sure McDonald’s could pay the bills but most people want a stable life. Most people would like to see themselves doing better than â€Å"well off†. College may often seem like a waste of time and money but receiving a degree is rewarding. With the degree in hand a person will be first in line for the best jobs after college or the college you attend has a wonderful job placement after school. College prepares you for the real world and offers opportunities to achieve more in life. Of course there are a†¦show more content†¦Most people do not consider things such as these because they focus more on the cost of school which is understandable considering our economy. College can be outrageously expensive depending on your ch oice of college but there are things like financial aid which is helpful. There are also many different scholarships and grants to consider. A student is not guaranteed any of these but applying for these opportunity may not hurt. If anything, the students has a better chance not having to pay for school. There are plenty of scholarships that go unnoticed, it just takes determination and hard work. Colleges also offer different payment plans so aside of scholarships and grants, there’s always part time jobs. Fast food restaurants may not pay enough for a full education or cost of living but every little thing counts. That’s less than a student has to pay back later considering that the cost is one of the biggest reasons people choose not to go. As high school graduates, it is a tough decision, choosing to go to college because we often believe that those â€Å"12 years† were enough. Although High school prepares students for college, whether college is worth it or not is ultimately up to the individual. One can only make this decision when he/she is sure about their goals and how much it’s going to take to get what they want out of life. Life is not all money and riches but everyone would like to consider themselves successful or atShow MoreRelatedEssay on Is College Worth The Effort?883 Words   |  4 PagesIs College Worth The Effort? College has been a total waste of your time and money! Imagine telling that to a student who just finished four years of hard, grueling, expensive work; or, even worse, a parent who paid for their child to finish that same grueling work. But, in some ways, that statement can’t be any further from the truth. College can prepare a student for life in so many more ways than for a career. However, in the way that college is supposed to prepare soon-to-be-productiveRead MoreStudy Abroad : A Waste Of Time1500 Words   |  6 PagesStudy Abroad, a waste of time. I think not! Is Study Abroad a waste of time or an exciting experience? I say that it s a great thing and for the right people it’s not a waste. Williamson in â€Å"Study Abroad: Revenue Drain or Stream† for the Chronicle states, â€Å" many higher-education institutions and others have found ways to generate revenue from study-abroad ventures. The World Bank estimates that $300-billion is spent each year on global higher education†¦Ã¢â‚¬ What Williamson really means is that sinceRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hunger And Food Insecurity878 Words   |  4 Pagesinsecurity is the vast amount of food waste that takes places all around the country. May it be over production of food for a college or university or buying fresh fruits and veggies and letting them go bad before consumption. 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For many of the students, â€Å"college was notRead MoreIs College Worth It?857 Words   |  4 PagesIs college worth it, many ask and a lot of them wonder. This controversial topic has a lot of arguments and still no fix answer to it. Some people might find college to be not w orth it as most people find it useless after graduation as said by TOM BACHTELL on a college graduation â€Å" diploma—need not be a statistics major to know that the odds of stepping into a satisfying job, or, indeed, any job, are lower now than might have been imagined four long years ago†. But in my opinion I would say that

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Blue Eyed Boy With Autism Essay - 1201 Words

How often have you heard the question â€Å"What Color is Monday?† I would personally have to say, I have never. It’s a unique question that is told by someone who views life through a different pair of lens. More importantly, it is someone who sees the days of the week as colors, extremely gifted in remembering everyone’s birthdays, and memorizing the name and details of every car he sees throughout his daily life. The question â€Å"What Color is Monday?† comes from a young boy with autism named Jack Cariello. Author and mother, Carrie Cariello, allows the reader to understand why â€Å"the blue-eyed boy† with autism is similar to a snowflake; no two are exactly alike, unique and beautiful in their own ways. With the help of jack’s mother and father, brothers and sister, the reader can envision how far Jack has come and the impact it has had on his family. Thereby allowing them to learn more about his diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder ( ASD) and Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD), helping them find ways to tackle Jack’s challenges, his areas of disability, while telling us his unique gifts and strengths that he has developed along his journey. Everyone has their own quirks, just like Jack. However, it makes me wonder if each and every one of us has a form of Autism, some more than others. According to the DSM-5 criteria, children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder has some range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders, whether it is Asperger syndrome,Show MoreRelatedThe Best Decision Ive Ever Made1030 Words   |  5 Pageslife. To understand why this changed his life for the better you need to know what he has been through. Gannon is a nine year old beautiful blond hair blue eyed little boy whose eyes sparkle when he smiles. He has this knack for making people fall in love with him in an instant. For the first two years of his life he was a healthy little boy, but there was something not quite right with him. He wasn’t developing normally for his age. Then in June of 2006 it all became clear why. This was a normalRead MoreGump Notes Essay7299 Words   |  30 PagesForrest struggles through childhood in small-minded Greenbow, Alabama. Due to his mental disabilities, Forrest becomes the victim of academic discrimination, which his mother fights desperately to resolve. He might be a bit on the slow side, but my boy Forrest is going to get the same opportunities as everyone else, she stated to the principal of Greenbow County Central School. Hes not going to some special school to learn to how to re-tread tires. (Gump 1995) Forrests mother was determined.Read MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesMotivate Everyday People to Deliver Extraordinary Results (Capstone, 2011) Winnie-the-Pooh on Management: In Which a Very Important Bear and His Friends Are Introduced to a Very Important Subject (Penguin, 2011) Chicken Lips, Wheeler-Dealer, and the Beady-Eyed M.B.A.: An Entrepreneurs Wild Adventures on the New Silk Road (Wiley, 2011) Bodybuilders in Tutus: and 35 Other Obscure BusinessBoosting Observations (Robinwood Press, 2011) I’ll Make You an Offer You Can’t Refuse: Insider Business Tips from a Former

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Corporate Social Responsibility In Event Management- Free Sample

Question: Using a sport or event company of your choosing, you are required to critically analyse the three arguments, using examples to illustrate your point(s). Use the information to determine which argument for CSR is most important to your company. Assessment Criteria Analysis of the three arguments with regard to your company Selection and justification of the most important argument Evidence of background reading Quality of referencing Answer: Introduction: The concept of corporate social responsibility has varied dimensions and perspectives, particularly moral, rational and economic. On one hand management responsibilities are focused towards respective stakeholders, while others argue regarding social goals, and yet others prioritize more on legal compliance rather than social aspects. This report aims at highlighting and analyzing all the three arguments for an organization named Wonderland Events Ltd. to engage in the activities related to Corporate Social Responsibility particularly moral, economic and rational. The report encompasses the critical analysis of all the arguments incorporated within the mentioned organization. Three dimensions: Moral, rational economic The organizational commitment may significantly derive from economic self-interest or ethical concern involving moral sustainability. When the event managing company adds value it is considered to be positive as well as significant (Nalband and Kelabi, 2014). It is believed by all major organizations such as Wonderland Events Ltd. that taking great care of people as well as community are directly related to long-term business survival. The main attributes which define essential characters of the organization as well as contemporary turn towards values show evolution stated as corporate personality. Corporate identity exhibits the actual functionalities of the organization. The organization has been steadily maintaining its key responsibility to make profit. However, it is said to incorporate quite successfully the corporate social responsibility towards all stakeholders (Mishra, n.d.). To highlight on the social aspect foremost, the organization is concerned about the relationship amidst its business and that of the society. In this respect, Wonderland Events Ltd incorporates principles of corporate social responsibility to benefit not only itself but the society as a whole. This involves sourcing fair and quality performances and services, such as agreeing to pay fairly to the employees and suppliers. It also involves taking upon endeavours which benefit society, such as using own resources in organizing charitable fundraisers (Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten, Graafland and Kaptein, 2013). With reference to the social responsibility of the organization towards its community at large, the employers of Wonderland Events Ltd aim at maintaining a proper balance amidst its business requirements and that of the entire society where it operates and survive. It follows the principle that business must be so managed as to make public good to become good for the organizati on. The firm practices in a way that it reflects in its various policies that are associated with environmental protection, conservation of natural resources, pollution control, rural development, establishing operational units at the backward regions, giving employment opportunities to all socially challenges individuals or weaker sections of the society, and also providing relief when required to the people suffering in natural calamities (Ratajczak, 2014). Competition within business environment is very common but enhancing the bottom line within social terms needs that the organization fosters the environment where it may succeed. Efforts from the whole society would allow the firm to continue with its existence, and this would foster goodwill amidst the organization as well as the society (Marens, 2014). With respect to economic aspect, it refers to the impacts that the corporate social responsibility of Wonderland Events Ltd has upon the finances of the organization. Since the concept of CSR does not cost any amount, there is no cause for its limitations in organizations. The event management company makes it a point to meet economic responsibilities in context to reasonable returns towards its investors, fair prices towards customers, fair compensation system towards employees, etc. Hence, accomplishment of economic responsibilities acts as the foremost responsibility of the firm. This is essential for the firm to survive in the business environment (Liu et al., 2013). Research exhibits that economic sustainability principle of Wonderland Events Ltd focuses on the long term accomplishments since this is the foremost requisite of an effective firm. Corporate identity exhibits the actual functionalities of the organization. The organization has been steadily maintaining its key respo nsibility to make profit. However, it is said to incorporate quite successfully the corporate social responsibility towards all stakeholders. Studies reflect that this event management firm is highly committed towards equal opportunities for both employees and its clients. It believes that by practicing equal opportunities enhances an efficient performance in the service it is engaged in. To highlight rationally, the firm ensures that none of its employees receive unequal treatments on the basis of discriminatory aspects such as gender, race, marital status, colour, age, sexual orientation, disability or even religious beliefs (Kim et al., 2014). The organization is identified to be one that ensures that required resources are to be made available for ensuring that it conducts its responsibilities in the most effective and desired manner. It makes a practice of reviewing all policies to ensure that these are most relevant to the business. The organization is committed to creating a safe work environment internally and externally. The only aspect that is concerning for this firm is related to generating of appropriate infor mation, supervision or training when required following health-related regulations (Jacqueminet, 2013). The health and safety policy of the firm upholds a favourable work environment towards all its employees, clients and stakeholders. However it only requires develop, incorporate and review on a continuous basis its policies related to health and safety. On a rational term, the firm is said to operate clearly, fairly in all other aspects so as to ensure that employees perform at a high standard (Wali and Boujelbene, 2010). It gives efforts in maintaining equitable benefits as well as providing reward systems for increasing performances in the organization. Wonderland Events Ltd ensures that its clients are well aware of carbon offsetting as well as giving them the choice to make planning of events with the lowest adverse impact upon environment (Hasnaoui and Freeman, 2010). The firm is sad to encourage honest conversations to promote good working bonds in terms of current corporate accountability policies as well as legislation. It emphasizes its stakeholders and maintains rational business relations. These stakeholders are quire affected by the functions of the firm. These involve employees, public members, and suppliers. For instance, it is able to increase its output by making its employees work more, but on the other hand it also considers the impact it would have on the members and not just its objectives. Conclusion: It may be assessed from the study that the firm incorporates all the three arguments quite suitably within its environment. It is also identified that Wonderland Events Ltd is more concerned with its social image. This is because events management is all about being social and maintaining social reputation and recognition in order to be success. Here it is seen that this organization prioritizes being socially effective as it understands well that in the present business environment it is essential to be socially responsible for the entire society. It also involves taking upon endeavours which benefit society, such as using own resources in organizing charitable fundraisers. With reference to the social responsibility of the organization towards its community at large, the employers of Wonderland Events Ltd aim at maintaining a proper balance amidst its business requirements and that of the entire society where it operates and survive. References Hasnaoui, A. and Freeman, I. (2010). Diffusion and Implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) : The Role of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).Management Avenir, 39(9), p.386. Jacqueminet, A. (2013). Managing Levels of CSR Implementation in an MNC: The Role of Receptivity to Institutional Pressures.Academy of Management Proceedings, 2013(1), pp.15600-15600. Kim, K., Kim, M., Qian, C. and Park, B. (2014). Effects of CSR on Firm Financial Performance: A Competitive-Action Perspective.Academy of Management Proceedings, 2014(1), pp.13277-13277. Liu, J., Tian, Z., Cheng, P. and Yang, W. (2013). Value Chain Extension: Making Sense of Strategic CSR Implementation.Academy of Management Proceedings, 2013(1), pp.13757-13757. Marens, R. (2014). The Price of Autonomy: The Chandlerian Firm and the Changing Face of Explicit CSR.Academy of Management Proceedings, 2014(1), pp.10711-10711. Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten, C., Graafland, J. and Kaptein, M. (2013). Religiosity, CSR Attitudes, and CSR Behavior: An Empirical Study of Executives Religiosity and CSR.Journal of Business Ethics, 123(3), pp.437-459. Mishra, D. (n.d.). Post-Innovation CSR Performance and Firm Value.SSRN Journal. Nalband, N. and Kelabi, S. (2014). Redesigning Carrolls CSR Pyramid Model.JOAMS, pp.236-239. Ratajczak, M. (2014). The implementation of selected elements of the CSR concept on the example of agribusiness enterprises from Warmia and Mazury.Management, 18(1). Wali, S. and Boujelbene, Y. (2010). The effect of TQM implementation on firm performance in the Tunisian context.IJPQM, 5(1), p.60.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

The Government’s Transition an Example of the Topic Government and Law Essays by

The Government’s Transition The government we have today has come a long way since its creation by the Founding Fathers. With the new disappointments arising towards the current administration, many have begun to question and asses the purpose of the constitution structured by the Founding Fathers and how it still applies to us today. Some go so far as to suggest that the federalists who framed the constitution insisted on limited federal involvement, but the history of America shows this is not the case. The Federalists protested limited government, while secretly creating a constitution that might one day form into an all powerful force. Need essay sample on "The Governments Transition" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed In fact, history shows that every official in any given office usually tends to take actions to increase the power of the government, whether state or federal, regardless of party classification. This is a formula specifically structured to maintain a minority class of wealthy elite to rule over the majority. The only difference between then and now is technological advancement and experience in the elitist control of the masses. If it were not for the presence of these traits in American society, there would be no real physical change to analyze. In a sense, nothing has really changed; money is still as much the emperor of our nation now, as it was then. People Often Tell Us: I'm not in the mood to write my essay. Because I don't have the time Essay writers suggest: If You Think About Someone To Write Your Paper - Essaylab The Right Place! Buy Essays Cheap Get Paid To Write Essays For Students Buy Essay Online Writing Service Top Essay Writing Until the twentieth century both scholars and the public revered the Framers as demigods and canonized the Constitution as the crowning symbol of a democratic revolution against tyranny. However, the many publicized political and corporate scandals of the Progressive Era in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries influenced historians to begin viewing the Constitutional Convention with a more jaundiced eye. (Krawczynksi, 2003) In his essay, The U.S. Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, Keith Krawczynksi, convinced that men were motivated primarily by economic self-interest and that class conflict pervaded human events, argues that the Founding Fathers carried out a counterrevolution by creating a reactionary document to protect their interests against popularly controlled state governments that passed cheap paper money legislation, debtor laws, and other measures that favored small farmers and artisans at the expense of wealthy creditors (2003). To prove their case they pointed to the many provisions in the Constitution that checked popular sovereignty: the difficult procedure for adopting amendments, the judicial veto, the election of senators by state legislators, the election of the president by an electoral college, the appointment of Supreme Court justices by the president, and the awesome power conferred to the central government to suppress popular dissent. Thus, the Constitution was equipped with a system of minority checks and vetoes designed to prevent majority rule (Krawczynksi, 2003). There are many myths applied to American history. One of these myths in particular is that the founding fathers were all selfless and priceless politicians who were able to rise above the tyranny of their day to advance the workings of Democratic government. American reverence for the framers and the undisputed worship of the constitution are virtues instilled in all citizens born within this society. The majority of the Founding Fathers were wealthy conservatives who were actually opposed to democracy. Krawczynksi notes that they often referred to it as a mobocracy. This perception resulted in this elitist class constructing laws that would better maintain the control of government in the hands of the wealthy, and prevent the majority from realizing their strength. Krawczynksi further points this out in his essay when he says, the Founding Fathers deliberately designed the new American government to make it difficult for any mass political movement to challenge the political dominance by the traditional ruling elite (2003). He points out that their behavior is justifiable by the fact that these framers were also the main men who risked hide and limb to protect their political standings from the British, and they werent about to just turn around and hand it over to the public after winning the war. It is Krawczynksis view that these patriots did not intend to revolutionize democracy and turn an elitist system, based on upper-class leadership, on its heals; their sole intention was to gain independence from Britain in order to get the country out of their pocket. The Patriot elite did not for-see the way the American commoners would view independence from Britain as the time to adopt egalitarianism. Aware that this Constitution would be aggressively opposed by the majority working class, the signing and construction of the deceleration was held in private. The media was used conceal the constitutions true purpose as well as to sway people in its favor. We see this control of the media used daily in news papers, on television and the web, an example of this is the Republican Partys financial hold over Fox News. The constitution adheres to freedom of the press, but the press doesnt represent the freedom of the people. Sociological genius Pierre Bourdieu asserts that public opinion does not truly exist. This poses the question, how should we conceive public opinion? If it is true that the public does not exist, than the real question is, whose opinion is public opinion? Rational Choice Theory poses the idea that human beings form their opinions and decisions based on collective observations and calculations. It also assumes all inpiduals are well informed of all of their options and that it is an inherent human tendency to think everyone makes decisions this way. If this is true, it would explain the blind faith people have in public opinion. It is a faith so devout; it often sways and molds popular culture ideals. Pierre Bourdieu strongly negates this view. In all of Bourdieus beliefs, his most popular is his assertion that the public does not exist (1984). This concept is addressed in his book, Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste, in that he feels there is a different of class taste between the ruling class and popular culture. But, within this conflict, there is no public, only a media mediating between the two and a culture to which they often cater to do so. Jon Simons addresses this concept in his essay, Governing the Public: Technologies of Mediation and Popular Culture, when he says, technologies constitute the people as a mediated public. The public is only amenable to representation in the form of an electorate which is an effect of technical organization that can mediate between people at a distance from each other. The key point of this analysis is that the public does not exist prior to or outside of its constitution. (Simons, 2002) His essay evaluates the importance of media technologies within a democracy. Bourdieu feels that in this field of power struggle, the ruling class uses their cultural capital to assert their distinction (1984). This is seen in the way politicians might only use terms or syntax understandable to the elite of society. This separation between popular culture and the elite culture of a society makes it virtually impossible for government officials to ever get the unanimous appeal for which they often aspire. Most political elites view popular cultures apathy towards politics with great disdain. Even still, they relentlessly attempt to relate to popular culture voters, whom they know will support them. In John Fiskes critique on television, Television Culture he analyzes the nature of what makes popular television. He concludes that the shows that succeed in gaining popularity tend to have many symbols and plot lines containing multiple meanings. He also states that remain within a duality of containment and resistance (1987). This idea basically revolves around the fact that television producers, who are viewed as the upper class and political elite, are expected to produce material that correspond with popular culture. This material that the elite minority culture produces for the popular culture contradicts elitist ideals but allows the status quo to remain intact. This means the political elite can only remain the elite so long as they humor the beliefs and ideals of their less powerful but more dominant counterparts. The rules Fiske establishes for television shows can very easily be applied to the media. They present the media as a tool being used to prey on the wants and needs of different cultures. The idea that there is no such thing as public perception in America, and that what we deem to be public perception is just a popular culture molded and created by the media to entertain the American majority, while still maintaining the ideals and power of their elite class financiers, is a common conspiracy theory. It is also true. The Federal government appears to have their hands in everything because they do. This is the result of technological advancement enforcing a constitution designed for a central government to grow in power over time. The biggest myth held about the Federalists is that they were opposed to giving the Federal government too much power. This myth is negated by the actions of the Framers who attained office, as well as the presidents who came behind them. It must never be forgot, that all of these men were of the Financial elite of America. So, those Federalists who claimed to be liberalists in favor of Democracy, were only so in favor as would maintain their wealth. The appearance of caring for the will of the people, to maintain ones own wealth, as demonstrated by Friske, obviously started in America with the Founding Fathers. And, when these men got in office they did everything in their power to increase their power as well as financial stature. A classic example of this is the life and Presidency of James K. Polk. The eleventh President of the United States, Polk was a Jeffersonian Democrat, which meant he was a strong believer of the freedom of speech and that the press was the best defense against a tyrannical government. He also believed in small business and small government, just like Thomas Jefferson. The irony of this is that both men, Jefferson and Polk, played historically the largest part in increasing the size and power of our nations government. His strong belief in expansionism later became referred to as Manifest Destiny. On this stance, Polk won the Presidential election and became the first and only member of the House of Representatives ever to become the President of the United States. Polk was such a proponent of expansionism that he attempted to buy Cuba while in office. In 1848, he and the ambassador to Spain, Romulus Mitchell Sanders made plans to negotiate with Spain. They offered the Spanish government 100 million dollars. Spain rejected this offer. Many countries were undoubtedly aware of Polks ambitions. Polk established a large majority of Oregon as part of the United States. At one point after Jackson had resigned, the Whigs had completely taken over congress and the White house. It was very similar to the way the Republicans controlled the Capital, the White House, and the Supreme Court. They were a new wave radical political party, but they faltered in their true lack of support for expanding the nation. It was through the ideals of Manifest Destiny (Expansionism), that Polk was able to claim is place as the Democratic candidate and eventually claim the Presidency. It should be noted that Polk was a long shot. It is not very clear why the majority of his opposition at the time didnt support expansionism, but their opposition to that simple stance catapulted Polk into office. Many say if it was not for his devout expansionist ideals, he may never have won the election. The Democratic Party was not widely known for fallowing expansionism. In truth it is a more republican ideal. Or at least what we would consider to be Republican today. Polks presidency has been categorized as the most successful, because of all of the power and land he accumulated for his country. Polk is the prime example of a presidential tradition to increase the power of Federal government while appearing to weaken the ramifications of its hold on the people. This is a tradition that has survived, beyond the public eye, in America to this day. So what are the differences between our government now and the one the Framers modeled? Despite the fact that the Federalist constructed a governmental system that is virtually impossible to change, or even use for tyrannical purposes, their still have been a few changes to the original constitution since its construction. Since the original Bill of Rights was ratified in 1791, their have been 17 amendments to the constitution. This is an average of about 1 amendment every 13 years. Since its creation, the constitution has been used to abolish slavery, give blacks and women the right to vote, and even prohibit the right to drink alcohol. Today some of the freedoms the constitution allows citizens are unfathomable to imagine doing without. This is a prime example of the dramatic effect this doctrine has on all our lives. One subtle act in the constitution can lead to the entire sociological, or ideological shift of our entire country. So in response to the question, how has our government changed since its original framing? The truth is, not much on paper, but time has extended it as far as it may go, and Im sure we will continue to do so. Work Cited Bourdieu, Pierre. (1984) Distinction, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Fiske, John (1992) Popularity and the Politics of Information in P. Dahlgren and C. Sparkes (eds) Journalism and Popular Culture, London: Sage. Hirsh, John C., and John L. Motley. "John Lothrop Motley on the American Republic, 1846: a Document." Journal of the Early Republic os 6.1 (1986): 59-65. Jstor. Strozier Library, Tallahassee. 30 Nov. 2006. Keyword: James K. Polk. Krawczynksi, Keith "The U.S. Constitution and the Declaration of Independence."History in Dispute, Vol. 12: The American Revolution, 1763-1789., ed. St. James Press, 2003. Reproduced in History Resource Center. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Immigrant Voting Eligibility and Requirements

Immigrant Voting Eligibility and Requirements Naturalization typically increases as national elections draw closer, as more immigrants want to participate in the democratic process. This is especially true if immigration issues become important to the campaigns, as in 2016 when Donald Trump proposed building a wall across the U.S. border with Mexico and putting sanctions on Muslim immigrants. Naturalization applications increased by 11% in the 2015 fiscal year over the year before, and jumped 14% leading into 2016, according to U.S. immigration officials. A surge in naturalization applications among Latinos and Hispanics appears linked to Trumps positions on immigration. Officials say by the November election, close to 1 million new citizens could be eligible to vote an increase of about 20% over typical levels. More Hispanic voters is likely good news for Democrats who have relied on immigrant support in recent national elections. Worse for Republicans, polls showed that eight out of 10 Hispanic voters had a negative opinion about Trump. Who Can Vote in the United States? Simply put, only U.S. citizens can vote in the United States. Immigrants who are naturalized U.S. citizens can vote, and they have exactly the same voting privileges as natural-born U.S. citizens. There is no difference. Here are the basic qualifications for voting eligibility: You must be a U.S. citizen.Green card holders, or permanent residents, are not allowed to vote in national elections. A few localities - only a few - allow green card-holders to vote in municipal elections. But otherwise, as an immigrant, to participate in state and national elections, you must have completed the naturalization process and earned U.S. citizenship.You must have lived in the state where you’re intending to vote for a minimum period of time. It’s usually 30 days but does vary from some states to others. Check with your local elections officials.You must be at least 18 years old on or before election day. A few states permit 17-year-olds to vote in primaries if they will turn 18 by the general election. Check with your local elections officials.You must not have a felony conviction that disqualifies you from voting. If you have been convicted of a serious crime, you must get your civil rights restored to vote, and that’s not an easy process.You must not have been declared â€Å"mentally incompetent† by a court of law. Immigrants who are not naturalized U.S. citizens face serious criminal penalties if they try to vote in an election illegally. They risk a fine, imprisonment or deportation. Also, it is important that your naturalization process is completed before you try to vote. You must have taken the oath and formally become a U.S. citizen before you can legally vote and participate fully in American democracy. Voting Registration Rules Vary by the State The Constitution allows the states wide discretion to set voting registration and election rules. This means that registering to vote in New Hampshire can have different requirements than registering to vote in Wyoming or Florida or Missouri. And the dates of local and state elections also vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. For example, the forms of identification that are acceptable in one state may not be in others. It’s very important to find out what the rules are in your state of residence. One way to do this is to visit your local state elections office. Another way is to go online. Nearly all states have websites where up-to-the-minute voting information is readily accessible. Where To Find Information on Voting A good place to find out your state’s rules for voting is the Election Assistance Commission. The EAC website has a state-by-state breakdown of voting dates, registration procedures and election rules. The EAC maintains a National Mail Voter Registration Form that includes voter registration rules and regulations for all the states and territories. It can be a valuable tool for immigrant citizens who are trying to learn how to participate in U.S. democracy. It is possible to use the form to register to vote or to change your voting information. In most states, it’s possible to complete the National Mail Voter Registration Form and simply print it, sign it and mail it to the address listed under your state in the State Instructions. You can also use this form to update your name or address, or to register with a political party. However, once again, states have different rules and not all states accept the National Mail Voter Registration Form. North Dakota, Wyoming, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands do not accept it. New Hampshire accepts it only as a request for an absentee voter mail-in registration form. For an excellent overview of voting and elections across the country, go to the USA.gov website where the government offers a wealth of information about the democratic process. Where Do You Register To Vote? You may be able to sign up to vote in person at the public places listed below. But again, remember that what applies in one state may not apply in another: The state or local voter registration or elections office, sometimes known as the elections supervisor’s office.The department of motor vehicles. Yes, where you get a driver’s license is often also the place where you can register to vote.Certain public assistance agencies. Some states use the social services network to promote voter registration.Armed services recruitment centers. A military recruiter may be able to help you sign up to vote.State-run programs that help people with disabilities.Any public entity that a state has designated as a voter registration center. Do some research to find out if there’s a government facility near you that might be able to help. Taking Advantage of Absentee or Early Voting In recent years, many states have done more to make it easier for voters to participate through early voting days and absentee ballots. Some voters may find it impossible to make to the polls on the Election Day. Perhaps they’re out of the country or hospitalized, for example. Registered voters from every state can request an absentee ballot that can be returned by mail. Some states require that you give them a specific reason - an excuse - why you are unable to go to the polls. Other states have no such requirement. Check with your local officials. All states will mail an absentee ballot to eligible voters who request one.  The voter may then return the completed ballot by mail or in person.  In 20  states, an excuse is required, while  27  states and the District of Columbia permit any qualified voter to vote absentee without giving an excuse.  Some states offer a permanent absentee ballot list: once a voter asks to be added to the list, the voter will automatically receive an absentee ballot for all future elections. As of 2016, Colorado, Oregon and Washington used all-mail voting. Every eligible voter automatically receives a ballot in the mail. Those ballots can be returned in person or by mail when a voter completes them. More than two-thirds of the states - 37 and also the District of Columbia - offer some sort of early voting opportunity. You can cast your ballot days before Election Day at various locations. Check with your local election office to find out what early voting opportunities are available where you live. Be Sure To Check for ID Law in Your State By 2016, a total of 36  states had passed laws requiring voters to show some form of identification at the polls, usually a photo ID.  Roughly 33  of these voter identification laws were expected to be in force by the 2016 presidential election. The others are tied up in the courts. Laws in Arkansas, Missouri  and Pennsylvania laws have been struck down going into the 2016 presidential race. The remaining 17  states use other methods to verify the identity of voters. Again, it varies from state to state. Most frequently, other identifying information a voter provides at the polling place, such as a signature, is checked against information on file. In general, states with Republican governors and legislatures have pushed for photo IDs, claiming a higher standard of identity verification is needed to prevent fraud. Democrats have opposed photo ID laws, arguing the voting fraud is virtually non-existent in the United States and the ID requirements are a hardship for the elderly and poor. President Obama’s administrations have opposed the requirements. A study by researchers at Arizona State University found 28 cases of voter fraud convictions since 2000. Of those, 14% involved absentee ballot fraud. â€Å"Voter impersonation, the form of fraud that voter ID laws are designed to prevent, made up only 3.6% of those cases,† according to the study’s authors. Democrats argue that if Republicans were really serious about cracking down on the rare cases of fraud that have occurred, Republicans would do something about absentee voting where the likelihood of misconduct is far greater. In 1950, South Carolina became the first state to require identification from voters at the polls. Hawaii started requiring IDs in 1970 and Texas followed a year later. Florida joined the movement in 1977, and gradually dozens of states fell in line. In 2002, President George W. Bush signed the Help America Vote Act into law. It required all first-time voters in federal elections to show a photo or non-photo ID upon either registration or arrival at the polling place A Brief History of Immigrant Voting in the U.S. Most Americans don’t realize that immigrants - foreigners or non-citizens - were commonly allowed to vote in elections during the Colonial era. More than 40 states or territories, including the original 13 colonies leading up to the signing of the Declaration of Independence, have allowed foreigners voting rights for at least some elections. Non-citizen voting was widespread in the United States for the first 150 years of its history. During the Civil War, Southern states turned against allowing voting rights to immigrants because of their opposition to slavery and support for the North. In 1874 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that residents in Missouri, who were foreign-born but had committed to becoming U.S. citizens, should be allowed to vote. But a generation later, public sentiment had swung against immigrants. The growing waves of new arrivals from Europe - Ireland, Italy and Germany in particular - brought a backlash against giving rights to non-citizens and accelerating their assimilation into U.S. society. In 1901, Alabama stopped allowing foreign-born residents to vote. Colorado followed a year later, and then Wisconsin in 1902 and Oregon in 1914. By World War I, more and more native-born residents opposed allowing newly arrived immigrants to participate in U.S. democracy. In 1918, Kansas, Nebraska, and South Dakota all changed their constitutions to deny non-citizens voting rights, and Indiana, Mississippi and Texas followed. Arkansas became the last state to ban voting rights for foreigners in 1926. Since then, the way into the voting booth for immigrants is through naturalization.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Family Law - case study Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Family Law - case study - Essay Example In this case, there is no adultery. Dorothy can get divorce by consent if George agrees to it. It is the easiest way as there are a few problems in this divorce. George is not of incurably unsound mind. The 1937 Act allowed divorce for misfortune and 1964 decision of the House of Lords allowed cruelty as a ground for divorce. George cannot be divorced under cruelty, adultery and physical and mental violence, and hence, mutual consent would be the best way for the divorce. According to Divorce Reform Act 1969, provided that "the sole ground on which a petition for divorce may be presented to the court..shall be that the marriage has broken down irretrievably" (11-008, p.275). Desertion for a continuous period of at least two years cannot be a ground here. Nor George 'has behaved in such a way that the petitioner could not reasonably be expected to live with the respondent.' Parties have not lived apart for two years. According to the Act, court has to grant a divorce decree "unless it is satisfied on all the evidence that the marriage has not broken down irretrievably." If Dorothy insists that marriage has broken down, it is impossible for George to prove otherwise. There are no children under the age of 16 in this case. Marital breakdown becomes the main issue, as Dorothy believes that her marriage cannot be saved. If she makes a statement under section 5(1)(a) on the marital breakdown, she has to state that: 1. The party is aware of the reflection and consideration period under section 7; 2. Wishes to make arrangements for the future. If both make the statements, each of them have to state the above. Dorothy has to prove that George spends all his time and money on his hobby, neglecting her and home. She has to prove negligence on his part and also that she is shouldering all the responsibility on her own. Another point in Dorothy's favour is that she should be able to prove that George's financial contribution to the family home had been inadequate for years. Meeting with the marriage Counsellor becomes an important prerequisite of divorce. According to Family Law Act, 1996, there is no point in allowing the 'empty legal shell' of the marriage to continue, when the actual marriage has already broken down completely. With the divorce, Dorothy will also be entitled to the share of the property, if any. She is also entitled for retirement benefit sharing, pension sharing and Cretney et al (2002), Principles of Family Law, (Family Law Act, 1996, 11-043 to 11-057, pp. 297 - 309). Ancillary relief can be made to either of the party, as in the eyes of law both are equal. In spite of that, Ancillary orders mostly are made in favour of the wives, mainly because their need and closeness to children is thought to be more important. No doubt, every case is weighed according to